6 Energy Transition projects

In terms of sustainability, Regulation (EU) 347/2013 defines that projects ­“involving two or more MSs or located on the territory of one MSs but with ­significant cross-border impact”, need contributing significantly “through ­reducing emissions, supporting intermittent renewables generation and ­enhancing ­deployments of renewable gas” in order to be labelled as PCI. ­Renewable and decarbonised gases projects enhance GHG emissions reductions that, by definition, represent cross-border benefits.

Other cross-border effects are determined by the positive externalities generated by technology and innovation diffusion across EU countries via energy transition projects implementation and scaling-up.

Anticipating those needs and considering that projects that want to apply for the PCI label must be included in the latest available TYNDP, the TYNDP 2020 for the first time opened to the submission of Energy Transition (ETR) projects: “any project which facilitates the integration of renewables, the achievement of decarbonisation and efficiency ­targets, reduction of other air pollutants, sector coupling initiatives and, more generally, all projects specifically aimed at the energy system transformation for reaching sustainability goals and not ­already included in the previous project categories”. In TYNDP 2020 ETR projects represent 30 % of the overall submitted projects (28 % if considering the overall submissions before their aggregation1).

Support to sustainability through renewables penetration is vital to achieve the decarbonisation ­targets therefore ENTSOG believes that the PCI ­assessment should consider these activities too.

In its TYNDP 2020 Opinion, also ACER welcomed the final Practical Implementation Document 2020 allowing the submission of Energy Transition projects. In its Opinion, ACER acknowledges the potential importance of renewable gas projects for the decarbonisation of the gas sector and its contribution to the climate objectives of the European ­Union.

See table 6 for a complete list of TYNDP 2020 ETR projects divided by type.

1 For more details on how promoters’ submissions are further aggregated in TYNDP please consult section 5.3.

TYNDP
2020 code
TYNDP 2020 ETR NamePromoterCountryStatusFirst
Commissioning
Year
Last
Commissioning
Year
 
P2G and Hydrogen related project
ETR-F-546Jupiter 1000: first industrial demonstrator of Power to Gas in FranceGRTgaz, TeregaFranceFID20202020
ETR-A-504Sun2HyEnagas S.A. SpainLess-Advanced20242024
ETR-N-80Power to Gas Production with infrastructure building/enhacement in LatviaJSC “Conexus Baltic Grid”LatviaLess-Advanced20302030
ETR-N-300HyOffWind ZeebruggeFluxys, Eoly, ParkwindBelgiumLess-Advanced20222022
ETR-N-305PEGASUSS.G.I. SpAItalyLess-Advanced20242024
ETR-N-306Greening of Gas (GoG)NET4GAS, s.r.o.Czech RepublicLess-Advanced20232023
ETR-N-315G2F – Gas to FutureNAFTA a.s. (joint stock company)SlovakiaLess-Advanced20252025
ETR-N-322North Sea Wind Power HubN.V. Nederlandse GasunieNetherlandsLess-Advanced20322032
ETR-N-370Hydrogen transmission backbone NetherlandsN.V. Nederlandse GasunieNetherlandsLess-Advanced20302030
ETR-N-396DjewelsNouryonNetherlandsLess-Advanced20302030
ETR-N-406hybridge – gas grid infrastructureOpen Grid Europe GmbHGermanyLess-Advanced20232023
ETR-N-427P2G integrated in Reganosa NG Transmission GridReganosaSpainLess-Advanced20242024
ETR-N-452Element EinsThyssengas GmbH, Gasunie Deutschland Transport Services GmbH, Tennet TSO GmbHGermanyLess-Advanced20222028
ETR-N-483L2DG (LNG to Decarbonised Gas)ReganosaSpainLess-Advanced20242024
ETR-N-537Green Crane – SpainEnagas S.A.SpainLess-Advanced20242024
ETR-N-958Green Crane – ItalySnamItalyLess-Advanced20252025
ETR-N-562Energy Park Bad LauchstädtONTRAS Gastransport GmbHGermanyLess-Advanced20232023
ETR-N-591Power to gas plant in the south of ItalySnam Rete Gas S.p.A.ItalyLess-Advanced20252025
ETR-N-595Transport of hydrogen into natural gas networkSnam Rete Gas S.p.A.ItalyLess-Advanced20252025
ETR-N-622Renewable Hydrogen according to NEP2020Gasunie Deutschland Transport Services GmbHGermanyLess-Advanced20202030
ETR-N-633GETH2-ETR 1Nowega GmbHGermanyLess-Advanced20222022
ETR-N-828Green Hydrogen Hub DenmarkCorre Energy LtdDenmarkLess-Advanced20252025
ETR-N-830Green Hydrogen Hub ZuidwendingCorre Energy LimitedNetherlandsLess-Advanced20262026
ETR-N-833Green Hydrogen Hub DrentheCorre Energy LimitedNetherlandsLess-Advanced20262026
ETR-N-846Green Hydrogen Hub HarsefeldCorre Energy LimitedGermanyLess-Advanced20262026
ETR-N-852Green Hydrogen Hub Ahaus-EpeCorre Energy LimitedGermanyLess-Advanced20262026
ETR-N-874Green Hydrogen Hub LeerCorre Energy LimitedNetherlandsLess-Advanced20262026
ETR-N-883Green Hydrogen Hub MoeckowCorre Energy LimitedGermanyLess-Advanced20262026
ETR-N-894Green Hydrogen Hub EtzelCorre Energy LimitedGermanyLess-Advanced20262026
ETR-N-900Hydrogen injection into the gas network in LithuaniaAB Amber GridLithuaniaLess-Advanced20242024
ETR-N-896P2G4AGas Connect Austria GmbHAustriaLess-Advanced
ETR-N-899mosaHYc (Mosel Saar Hydrogen Conversion)GRTgaz, CREOS DeutschlandFranceLess-Advanced20242024
ETR-N-956Hydrogen export/import Oude StatenzijlGasunie Transport Services B.V.NetherlandsLess-Advanced20302030
ETR-N-913Modification of NP23 MW turboset to a hydrogen-ready low-emissions at CS04eustream, a.s.SlovakiaLess-Advanced20232023
ETR-N-916Measures for achieving hydrogen blending readiness of the transmission systeustream, a.s.SlovakiaLess-Advanced20242024
ETR-N-939H2morrow SteelOpen Grid Europe GmbH; Thyssengas GmbHGermanyLess-Advanced20262026
ETR-N-948New hydrogen pipeline projects of german gas NDP 2020-2030Nowega GmbH; Open Grid Europe GmbH; Thyssengas GmbHGermanyLess-Advanced20302030
ETR-N-952Hydrogen pipeline system conversion projects of german gas NDP 2020-2030Open Grid Europe GmbHGermanyLess-Advanced20302030
ETR-N-923Interconnected hydrogen networkFluxys BelgiumBelgiumLess-Advanced20252025
ETR-N-903Conversion of Natural Gas pipelines to HydrogenGasunie Deutschland Transport Services GmbHGermanyLess-Advanced20302030
ETR-N-904Hydrogen import via OudeGasunie Deutschland Transport Services GmbHGermanyLess-Advanced20302030
ETR-N-905Vlieghuis (NL)/ Emlichheim (DE) Capacity for Hydrogen according to the NDPThyssengas GmbHGermanyLess-Advanced20252025
ETR-N-911Zevenaar (NL)/ Elten (DE) Capacity of Hydrogen according to the NDPThyssengas GmbH and Open Grid Europe GmbHGermanyLess-Advanced20292029
ETR-N-945Conversion of Natural-Gas-Pipelines to Hydrogen-PipelinesThyssengas GmbHGermanyLess-Advanced20252025
ETR-N-901HyGéoTerégaFranceLess-Advanced20242024
ETR-N-942Lacq HydrogenTerégaFranceLess-Advanced20202020
ETR-N-616Renewable Methane according to NEP2020Gasunie Deutschland Transport Services GmbHGermanyLess-Advanced20252025
ETR-A-312P2G Velke KapusanyNAFTA a.s. (joint stock company)SlovakiaAdvanced20232023
ETR-N-938H2-Import CoalitionDeme, Engie, Exmar, Fluxys, Port of Antwerp, Port of Zeebrugge, WaterstofNetBelgiumLess-Advanced20202020
 
Biomethane Developments
ETR-F-523Biomethane plants developmentSnam4mobilityItalyFID20232023
ETR-A-437Supercritical water gasification facilitiesN.V. Nederlandse GasunieNetherlandsAdvanced20212021
ETR-N-20GNI Renewable Gas Central Grid Injection ProjectGas Networks IrelandIrelandLess-Advanced20282028
ETR-N-125Biomethane production with infrastructure building/enhancement in LatviaJSC “Conexus Baltic Grid”LatviaLess-Advanced20262026
ETR-N-617Project to facilitate biomethane production plants inteconnectionSnam Rete GasItalyLess-Advanced20222022
ETR-N-728Biomethane: connecting production units and reverse flow projectsTerégaFranceFID20302030
ETR-N-922Green Gas Lolland-FalsterEnerginetDenmarkLess-Advanced20232023
ETR-N-921Circular economy: waste to biomethaneReganosaSpainLess-Advanced20222022
 
CCS/CCU
ETR-A-430PorthosN.V. Nederlandse GasunieNetherlandsAdvanced20232023
ETR-N-22Ervia Cork CCUSErvia (parent company of Gas Networks Ireland)IrelandLess-Advanced20282028
ETR-N-401Antwerp@CFluxys and Antwerp Port AuthorityBelgiumLess-Advanced20262026
ETR-N-432AthosN.V. Nederlandse GasunieNetherlandsLess-Advanced20262026
ETR-N-924Power to Methanol AntwerpPower to Methanol Antwerp BVBelgiumLess-Advanced20222022
ETR-N-929Carbon Connect DeltaSmart Delta ResourcesBelgiumLess-Advanced20252025
 
Reverse flow DSO-TSO
ETR-F-587West Grid SynergyGRTgazFranceFID20192019
ETR-A-64Biomethane reverse flow DenmarkEnerginetDenmarkAdvanced20212021
ETR-N-624Biomethane: Reverse flow projectsGRTgazFranceLess-Advanced20282028
 
CNG/LNG for transport (road, train, sea)
ETR-F-516CNG and L-CNG stationsSnam4mobilityItalyFID20222022
ETR-F-541CORE LNGas hive and LNGHIVE2 Infrastructure and logistic solutionsEnagas Transporte S.A.U.SpainFID20202020
ETR-F-632Railway project roadmap. Transformation to LNGEnagas Transporte S.A.U.SpainFID20202020
ETR-N-226Fos Tonkin LNG Terminal EvolutionElengyFranceLess-Advanced20222022
ETR-N-898CNG filling station system development (CroBlueCorr project)Plinacro LtdCroatiaLess-Advanced20262026
 
Smart multi energy system to create sinergies between sectors
ETR-F-743Impulse 2025TerégaFranceFID20252025
 
Hybrid compressor stations
ETR-F-599Sector coupling: hybrid compressor stationSnam Rete Gas S.p.A.ItalyFID20242024
 
Micro liquefaction
ETR-N-528Microliquefaction plantsSnam4mobilityItalyLess-Advanced20222022
 
Methane Emissions
ETR-N-920Measures for the reduction of methane emissionseustream, a.s.SlovakiaLess-Advanced20242024

Table 6: ETR projects included in TYNDP 2020 divided per type

If compared, for example, to traditional cross-­border interconnections, in many cases ETR ­projects could be represented by smaller-capacity-size projects and more geographically distributed within a country. This is the case for example of many biomethane production facilities whose ­location is mostly dependent on the location of the biogas production location.

For this reason, for TYNDP 2020, promoters of ­Energy Transition Projects submitted their ETR projects as a virtual aggregation of more projects, when possible.

As mentioned in section 5.3.4, most of the ­submissions can be identified under one of the ­following categories: power-to-gas (P2G) and ­hydrogen related projects; biomethane production and injection; carbon capture and storage/use; ­further enable of use of gas in the form of CNG and LNG in transport sectors; reverse flow DSO-TSO.

The main technologies related to ETR projects are briefly presented below:

  • Power-to-Gas is an instrument allowing for ­optimisation of the overall energy system since it deals with excess of renewable electricity (compared to the demand) which is difficult to store in large quantities for a long time. The ­advantages based of producing renewable gases like hydrogen and synthetic methane are to provide seasonal flexibility and storage, building on existing gas network and underground storage. Already today the gas system offers over 1100 TWh of underground storage ­capacity. Existing gas Infrastructure – after technical adaption – can be used for long-term energy storage and transportation. In addition, renewable gases allow the decarbonisation of hard-to-abate sectors (heavy industry) and a more efficient use of the expected increase in generation potential coming from RES in the future.
    Power-to-Gas means a conversion of electrical power into a gaseous energy carrier. In a first step, electricity from renewable energy sources is used in an electrolyser to split water into hydrogen and oxygen. This process is called Electrolysis. An additional Methanation step can be used to synthesise the hydrogen with carbon dioxide into synthetic methane.
  • Biogas is a mixture of methane, CO₂ and small quantities of other gases produced by anaerobic digestion of organic matter in an oxygen-free environment. The precise composition of biogas depends on the type of feedstock and the production pathway.
  • Biomethane is an almost pure source of methane produced either by “upgrading” biogas (a process that removes any CO₂ and other contaminants present in the biogas) or through the gasification of solid biomass followed by methanation. Biomethane can be injected and transported through the gas grid without additional upgrades of the transmission system.
  • CCS and CCU aim to capture CO₂ emissions from point sources such as power plants and industrial processes, to prevent the release into the atmosphere. The difference between CCS and CCU is in the final destination of the captured CO₂. In CCS, captured CO₂ is transferred to a suitable site for long-term storage, while in CCU, captured CO₂ is converted into commercial products. This technology can be used also in the production of hydrogen following the Steam Methane Reforming process (SMR).
    CO₂ can be transported for storage or use via pipelines, road or maritime.

More detailed information related to project ­description and technical details can be found for each ETR in the Annex A of TYNDP 2020.