List of Abbrevations

ACERAgency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators
Bcm / BcmaBillion cubic meters / Billion cubic meters per annum
CAM NCCapacity Allocation Mechanism Network Code
CAPEXCapital expenditure
CBACost-Benefit Analysis
CISCommonwealth of Independent States
DIR-73Directive 2009/73/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 July 2009 concerning common rules for the internal market in natural gas and repealing Directive 2003/55/EC.
EBPEuropean Border Price
ECEuropean Commission
EIAEnergy Information Administration
ENTSO-EEuropean Network of Transmission System Operators for Electricity
ENTSOGEuropean Network of Transmission System Operators for Gas
ETSEuropean Trading Scheme
EUEuropean Union
FEEDFront End Engineering Design
FIDFinal Investment Decision
GCVGross Calorific Value
GIEGas Infrastructure Europe
GHGGreenhouse Gases
GLEGas LNG Europe
GRIPGas Regional Investment Plan
GSEGas Storage Europe
GWhGigawatt hour
e-GWhGigawatt hour electrical
GQOGas Quality Outlook
HHIHerfindahl-Hirschman-Index
H-gasHigh calorific gas
HDVHeavy duty vehicles
HGVHeavy goods vehicles
IEAInternational Energy Agency
IPInterconnection Point
ktoeA thousand tonnes of oil equivalent. Where gas demand figures have been
calculated in TWh (based on GCV) from gas data expressed in ktoe, this was done on the basis of NCV and it was assumed that the NCV is 10 % less than
GCV.
L-gasLow calorific gas
LDVLight Duty Vehicles
LNGLiquefied Natural Gas
mcmMillion cubic meters
MMBTUMillion British Thermal Unit
MSMember State
MTPAMillion Tonnes Per Annum
mtoeA million tonnes of oil equivalents. Where gas demand figures have been calculated in TWh (based on GCV) from gas data expressed in mtoe, this was done on the basis of NCV and it was assumed that the NCV is 10 % less than GCV.
MWhMegawatt hour
e-MWhMegawatt hour electrical
NCVNet Calorific Value
NERAPNational Energy Renewable Action Plans
OECDOrganisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
OPECOrganization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries
OPEXOperational expenditure
PCIProject of Common Interest
P2GPower-to-Gas
REG-703REGULATION (EU) 2015 / 703 of 30 April 2015 establishing a network code on interoperability and data exchange rules
REG-347Regulation (EU) No 347 / 2013 of the European Parliament and of the council of 17 April 2013 on guidelines for trans-European energy infrastructure and repealing Decision No 1364 / 2006 / EC and amending Regulations (EC) No 713 / 2009, (EC) No 714 / 2009 and (EC) No 715 / 2009
REG-715Regulation (EC) No 715 / 2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 July 2009 on conditions for access to the natural gas transmission networks.
REG-SoSRegulation (EU) No 994 / 2010 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 October 2010 concerning measures to safeguard security of gas supply and repealing Council Directive 2004 / 67 / EC.
RESRenewable Energy Sources
SIF / SWFSeasonal Injection Factor / Seasonal Withdrawal Factor
SLISingle Largest Infrastructure
SLIDSingle Largest Infrastructure Disruption
SoSSecurity of Supply
TcmTera cubic meter
TSOTransmission System Operator
TWhTerawatt hour
e-TWhTerawatt hour electrical
TYNDPTen-Year Network Development Plan
UGSUnderground Gas Storage (facility)
WIWobbe Index

Country Codes (ISO)

ALAlbania
ATAustria
AZAzerbaijan
BABosnia and Herzegovina
BEBelgium
BGBulgaria
BYBelarus
CHSwitzerland
CYCyprus
CZCzech Republic
DEGermany
DKDenmark
DZAlgeria
EEEstonia
ESSpain
FIFinland
FRFrance
GRGreece
HRCroatia
HUHungary
IEIreland
ITItaly
LTLithuania
LULuxembourg
LVLatvia
LYLibya
MAMorocco
MEMontenegro
MKFYROM
MTMalta
NLNetherlands, the
NONorway
PLPoland
PTPortugal
RORomania
RSSerbia
RURussia
SESweden
SISlovenia
SKSlovakia
TMTurkmenistan
TNTunisia
TRTurkey
UAUkraine
UKUnited Kingdom

Publishing Info

Publisher

ENTSOG AISBL
Avenue de Cortenbergh 100
1000 Brussels, Belgium

Co-Authors

Stefano Astorri, Magdalena Bogucka, Anne Boorsma, Maria Castro, Paula Di Mattia, ­Maria Fernandez, Martin Gravesgaard Nielsen, Rares Mitrache, Jacques Reberol, ­Cihan Sönmez, Louis Watine, Arnaud Weissrock, Kacper Zeromski, Nemo KG, INV WG, SCN WG, WGSB

Cover picture

Courtesy of S.G.I.

Design

DreiDreizehn GmbH, Berlin | www.313.de